Garden design and landscape architecture



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The creation of beautiful innovative gardens and landscapes that deliver world class designs whilst enriching the lives of the people who use these outdoor spaces. We believe that full collaboration with our clients is fundamental to the success of our projects. We are passionate about creating beautiful innovative landscapes. Aralia has created terraces which are the epitome of innovation and luxury, as part of our Penthouse Collection. With the penthouses due for completion in the coming months, it is great to see that the designs are creating such a well-deserved buzz for their high standard and creativity. The overall vision and design of the courtyard is stunning.

Content:
  • Landscape Architecture (BS)
  • Garden and landscape
  • Landscape Architect vs Garden Designer: We Explain The Difference
  • Landscape and garden design
  • Landscape Architects | Interior Designers | Design + Build
  • Elegant, contemporary, site-specific
  • Garden and Landscape Design
  • Landscape architecture
  • Creating landscapes - a career in garden design, landscape architecture or contracting
WATCH RELATED VIDEO: How To Design The Perfect Landscape - Landscape Design 101

Landscape Architecture (BS)

A landscape with curved bed lines, informal plant arrangements, and no pyramidal yews does not always qualify as a natural landscape. And advocates of natural design are not necessarily eager to banish a host of beautiful exotics from the plant palettes of American landscape designers, replacing the plants with a motley crew of straggly natives.

The basic concept behind natural design, however, is fairly simple — to incorporate native plant communities into the designed landscape.

But their successful incorporation requires a basic understanding of how native plants operate in nature. Understanding this order and using it in our designs is the key to making natural design workable and successful. This does not mean, however, that we must design exclusively with native plants, attempt to copy nature exactly, or exclude the influences of other design styles. The goal is to create a framework with the overall designed landscape that has an aesthetic and ecological relationship to our indigenous landscape through the use of native plants in their natural associations.

The basic considerations of natural design can be broken down into three categories: aesthetic, managerial, and environmental. The aesthetic aspect of our designs is highly subjective, and individual style varies greatly. Some designers may object to uniformly patterning their work on the native landscape, feeling they are homogenizing their designs or stifling their artistic expression.

But, as landscape designers, our medium is the land. Unlike a painter whose art occupies an isolated canvas, our work visually interacts with the surrounding landscape, both natural and constructed. We therefore have a responsibility to contribute continuity and a sense of place to the larger landscape. To successfully accomplish a marriage of art and nature, we should sometimes put our egos aside and let nature be our guide.

The managerial aspect of natural design is tied to the fact that reducing landscape maintenance is a strong priority for virtually all our clients. Natural design techniques can make a great contribution in this regard. This does not mean that natural landscapes are maintenance-free and can be completely left to natural processes with no human guidance, however.

What natural design does mean is that landscapes that incorporate native plants and natural processes will require less time, money, and energy for upkeep than designs in which plants are selected and combined for ornamental effect alone. A purely ornamental garden is like a beautiful, sleek automobile with no engine.

It may be nice to look at, but the only direction it will go without help is downhill. We will be perpetually required to tow these gardens up the hill with fertilizers, watering hoses, and weeding forks. The environmental considerations of natural design are equally important. Many detrimental landscape practices can be minimized or eliminated.

Such landscape practices include the excessive use of pesticides, herbicides, inorganic fertilizers, fossil fuels burned while mowing large area of turf grass, and exotic species that have aggressively naturalized in the wild. Natural design aims not only reduce these negative effects, but to make a positive contribution to the surrounding environment as well.

Natural designed landscapes can also become functioning ecosystems capable of providing food and shelter for animals and insects, while helping to perpetuate many native plants whose habitats are being reduced through development. Everyone admires the beauty in a majestic mountain range or a towering waterfall, but most of what we can create in our landscapes is more subtle.

A native old field in winter is a prime example of how learning to see the landscape anew can open a whole new vista of aesthetic possibilities. Designers who cultivate in their clients an appreciation of the natural world around them will find their work to be more easily accepted. Even our best restoration efforts may never achieve the beauty and mystery of an undisturbed woodland.

Developers, architects and clients need to be aware of the benefits of considering ecological systems before designing the structures for the site. Early decisions relating to the siting of buildings, topographic changes and excavation disturbance can help minimize destruction of natural growth during construction. Unfortunately, landscape designers and architects often are brought in after construction is complete and have no opportunity to influence the treatment of the existing landscape.

The design will be determined by numerous factors including the character of the surrounding landscape, client dictates, architectural style, site characteristics and the scale of the site.

A large site may allow for the design of a functioning ecosystem using strictly native species. A smaller residential site can be designed with a perimeter of site-appropriate natives, becoming more cultivated as the landscape nears the house. Natural landcape patterns found in many areas throughout the country are formed by the interplay of woodlands, open landscapes and the transitional areas where they meet edges or ecotones.

A graceful and functional mix of these features will define the design before any plants are selected. Even small properties can be approached in this manner, often resulting in the illusion of more space. Determine which plant communities would have existed on the site had it not been disturbed, and use these as a design model. Determining native plants is easiest on a site that still contains remnants of indigenous growth. If this is not the case, you can obtain information by observing nearby natural areas with similar ecological conditions, analyzing the soil and hydrology of the site, obtaining geological maps and studying the natural history of the area.

If the post-disturbance soil and water conditions are no longer capable of supporting these plant communities, consider basing your design on a community with similar conditions. The indigenous landscape is a constantly changing system composed of plants, animals, insects, microorganisms and soils.

Plants are not isolated entities, but participants in a system constantly in flux. Different types of systems change at different rates. The annual meadow immediately resulting from a disturbance may last for only one year, while the perennial meadow may last for 10 before yielding to pioneer forest species. By contrast, an old oak and hickory forest may last for hundreds of years if left undisturbed.

Once these changing systems are understood, the designer can decide which aspects to encourage, discourage or manipulate to fit the requirements of the client and site.

Designed landscapes need not be static photographs frozen in time forever, doing battle with the forces of nature. A basic law of almost any native ecosystem is that if nothing is currently growing in a given space, something soon will. The more available space is filled, the less opportunity there is for a weed to enter. Plants grow against each other, above each other and below each other.

Even a 3-foot-tall meadow has a multi-layered structure designed to seal off the area. There are obvious lessons here for the designer interested in creating landscapes that have the ability to fight off weed invasion without the aid of mulches, fabrics and grub hoes. Mulched beds around isolated groupings of shrubs are an open invitation to neighborhood bullies such as Canadian thistle Cirsium arvense , knotweed Polygonum and nut grass Cyperus esculentus. A mixed, densely planted herbaceous ground cover layer, composed of plants with complementary aboveground and belowground growth habits, will be far more successful at inhibiting weed invasion than any mulch.

If this ground layer is also designed for succession of bloom and contrasting foliage texture, we can create a reduced-maintenance landscape that suggests the diverse tapestry of our native ground covers while achieving an artistic and colorful composition. Current landscape practice often considers surface water as something to be eliminated.

Meanwhile, water shortages are a frequent problem in our communities. Whenever we grade a property to direct surface runoff into the storm water system, we are sending a valuable commodity out to sea. Aquifer recharge, the replenishment of our underground water tables, depends upon the absorption of rainwater into the ground. We can assist this process by using ponds, irrigation catchments, porous paving surfaces and bog gardens.

Low wet areas can be converted into colorful assets by designing them as wet basins containing a range of colorful water tolerant plants like turtlehead Chelone lyonii , Joe-Pye weed Eupatorium purpureum , New England aster Aster novaeanglia and blue flag iris Iris versicolor. The American lawn has become the focus of a great deal of controversy. Great quantities of water, fertilizers and fossil fuels are expended for lawn upkeep and the amount of pollution from herbicides, pesticides and small engine exhaust is well documented.

Although there is nothing inherently evil in a blade of Kentucky blue grass or the person who likes it, replacing substantial portions of mowed lawn with other, more ecologically friendly plantings would have a positive effect on our environment. A mowed lawn does serve a unique function in that you can walk, lay and play catch on it—activities that are difficult in a tall grass meadow or a cottage garden. It is possible, however, to offer alternatives that are affordable, easily sustainable, ecologically sound and aesthetically pleasing.

The first alternative to lawn is lawn. Not the resource-intensive grass monoculture that we normally plant, but a diverse ground cover of creeping broadleaf plants combined with slow-growing drought and disease-resistant grass cultivars or native grass species. These plants could include buffalo grass Buchloe dactyloides , Pennsylvania sedge Carex pensylvanica , wild strawberry Fragaria spp. A lawn of this type would require little or no fertilizer or chemical application, and would need to be mowed less frequently than a traditional lawn.

Wildlfower meadows are currently the most popular lawn alternative as they can provide visually stimulating, low-maintenance landscapes.

However, in order for these plantings to succeed in the long run, the majority of wildflower seed producers must completely revamp their mixes. Annuals and short-lived perennials selected for immediate floral effect must give way to long-term native perennials and grasses selected for function and site-adaptability, as well as aesthetics.

By patterning these landscapes after our native prairies and grasslands, their exciting potential can be fully realized. The most neglected lawn alternative is woodland. While open space is highly valued, it can be even more appreciated when contrasted with a shady tree grove. While this type of landscape would obviously take far longer to mature, a transitional period can be filled with a meadow or grassland landscape supplemented with trees.

Woodland understory and ground layer plants can be added after a sufficient canopy is developed. A number of exotic species have naturalized so aggressively into our woods, meadows and wetlands that the natural plant diversity of these areas is destroyed. These include many commonly used ornamental plants such as Norway maple Acer platanoides , burning bush euonymus Euonymus atlatus , privet Ligustrum , Japanese barberry Berberis thunbergii. Russian olive Elaeagnus angustifolia and tatarian honeysuckle Lonicera tatarica.

Purple loosestrife Lythrum salicaria , a European perennial that has attained enormous popularity, has completely destroyed the biodiversity of thousands of acres of wetlands. Claims that its cultivars are sterile and therefore harmless have been proved false, as these cultivars eventually hybridize into fertile forms.

We should completely abandon using any plants that have proved to be invasive in the native landscape. In addition, we should be looking into ways to identify and discontinue using any new plants that show likely potential for invading our natural areas.

Although natural design is not new, current public interest in natural aesthetics, reduced landscape management and environmental issues is making its widespread acceptance a real possibility. In order to capitalize on this opportunity, we need to develop concrete and reliable strategies for the design, implementation and management of these landscapes based on real ecological principles.

Landscape designers and architects influence the treatment of vast areas of land. We have a responsibility to treat the land as more than our personal paint canvas. The landscape designer should be part artist and part repairman, restoring some of the aesthetic qualities and environmental functions of the native landscape that have been destroyed.

Natural design can incorporate native woodlands and meadows, as well as transition zones between the two.

In a limited space, you can adapt these elements to a smaller scale. Woodlands are the dominant plant community type in many areas throughout the United States. If left undisturbed, these open sites would revert to some type of forest community after passing through various stages of herbaceous and woody shrub composition.

Therefore, where woodlands predominate, landscapes patterned after our indigenous forest should be a strong—if not dominant—component of our work. The re-establishment of woodland landscapes on open sites, both large and small, should also be considered as a primary option.


Garden and landscape

A disused power plant and its neglected surroundings in Shenzhen , China, have been transformed into a wetland park masterplanned by Hong Kong-based landscape studio eLandscript. ECG International Landscape Consultants has transformed the site of a derelict sugar factory in Pingtung City, Taiwan , into a public park that retains fragments of the existing industrial infrastructure. Maasai people could once again legally herd their cattle through Nairobi via Cow Corridors proposed by Cave Bureau in this manifesto prepared for the Dezeen 15 digital festival. A meandering wooden path leads towards a centuries-old oak tree situated at the centre of this alpine garden in China's Yulong County, which landscape design studio Z'scape created to celebrate the region's native plants and indigenous culture. Italian architect Benedetto Camerana and landscape designer Il Giardino Segreto have created a rooftop garden called La Pista on the rooftop test track at Lingotto, Fiat's iconic former car factory in Turin.

Beautiful and effective public space and garden design; Ecological function and techniques to support it; Plants identification and management; Urban.

Landscape Architect vs Garden Designer: We Explain The Difference

Express your creative and artistic flair while embracing your passion for plants and the environment through one of our garden and landscape design courses. We offer a range of full and part-time, nationally-certified courses within garden and landscape design. You will be encouraged to showcase your skills by entering your work into nationally and internationally renowned design shows, exhibitions and competitions. We work with industry experts, such as the Society of Garden Designers and The Landscape Institute to ensure our courses provide essential industry knowledge, skills and expertise. As a garden designer, your career could take you around the world, influencing how future clients and communities engage with global landscape and environmental challenges from designing private and public spaces. The capital needs trained professionals to influence city gardens and landscapes to help address the challenges of climate change and the ever-changing demands of urban living. Home Courses Garden and Landscape Design.

Landscape and garden design

From residential gardens to public parks, landscape designers create inspiring, innovative and functional green spaces. Our programmes focus on residential garden design and include relevant field trips and development of practical skills such as draughting, perspective drawings, plant identification, selection and care. Real-life projects will reinforce the fundamental design principles taught and the emphasis on accurate site analysis will provide a strong basis for creative design solutions for sites. As a student in our New Zealand Certificate of Horticulture Services Landscape Design you will learn important skills of landscape design, representation and plant use in an introductory programme that offers flexible study options for full and part time during the 6 month programme.

PWP has a passion for creating beautiful outdoor spaces and offers a comprehensive landscape service from design to installation and maintenance.

Landscape Architects | Interior Designers | Design + Build

A landscape with curved bed lines, informal plant arrangements, and no pyramidal yews does not always qualify as a natural landscape. And advocates of natural design are not necessarily eager to banish a host of beautiful exotics from the plant palettes of American landscape designers, replacing the plants with a motley crew of straggly natives. The basic concept behind natural design, however, is fairly simple — to incorporate native plant communities into the designed landscape. But their successful incorporation requires a basic understanding of how native plants operate in nature. Understanding this order and using it in our designs is the key to making natural design workable and successful. This does not mean, however, that we must design exclusively with native plants, attempt to copy nature exactly, or exclude the influences of other design styles.

Elegant, contemporary, site-specific

By Dr. The history of landscape design in the 18th century offers numerous examples of transfer processes. This article investigates the emergence of the landscape garden around from a new concept of naturalness borrowed from classical antiquity. The change of paradigm from architecture to painting was an essential change of genre for the landscape garden. From about to , an international discussion of the theory of gardens developed at a high level. The Anglo-Chinese garden contains all of the prerequisites for an encyclopaedic transfer of knowledge.

Accent areas are meant to stand out, but within the context of a larger design. Key plants can help to deemphasize or soften architectural features. Principles-.

Garden and Landscape Design

At first hand, little is known about gardens and landscapes in ancient times. Writing about them came much later, first as technical treatises, as manuals for planting and garden layouts, and then as critical evaluations and cultural commentaries. As gardens are fragile, we depend largely on documents and archives of older sites; in the modern period, archaeology and sonar soundings also help to recover former sites; and for more recent work we have the sites themselves, which themselves are in constant flux. While there are important works on the gardens of antiquity, the more we approach modern work, the richer is the bibliography.

Landscape architecture

RELATED VIDEO: Go Gardening Landscape Concept Development

Your home deserves a beautiful garden. A place full of vibrancy, colour and amazing design to offer pure delight. Somewhere that lifts your spirits every time you walk outside. Your happy place. We work on several different sizes of garden, always striving for design excellence in every project. We were absolutely thrilled to reach the finals of these fantastic awards that champion local businesses throughout Sussex.

Based in London, our Design Division specialises in designing landscapes and gardens for private residences and commercial developments all over the world.

Creating landscapes - a career in garden design, landscape architecture or contracting

And I have to say that the Wiki entry on landscape architecture is a lot more useful than the Britannica entry on garden and landscape design. Britannica only let you have a quick glimpse at their text before a big black screen tries to sell you a subscription. But you have enough time to discover that the text is badly written garbage. Gardens and designed landscapes, by filling the open areas in cities, create a continuity in space between structural urban landscapes and the open rural landscapes beyond. The Wiki entry at

The garden design and landscape architecture collections from Special Collections cover the history of gardening and landscape developments in the Netherlands. Original garden designs on paper from important architects, such as Leonard Springer, the Zochers, the Copijns, Mien Ruys, John Bergmans and Hein Otto can be studied in the reading room. Database TUiN Garden Architecture Archives of the Netherlands provides access to the works and designs of influential Dutch garden- and landscape architects from until the 20th century. All the materials designs, letters, postcards and other documentation in the database are in print available in the reading room of Special Collections.


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