In horticulture, fertilizers are often used to increase yields and improve the quality of garden crops. Preference is given to natural species without chemical additives. Vermicompost is mainly isolated, which has passed a number of studies and tests in many countries. What it is and how to use it in the garden will be discussed further.
Vermicompost is such an organic fertilizer with an exceptional composition, optimized for all kinds of plants. In its formation, the main role is given to worms, which consume the remains of agricultural waste and, as a result, give a balanced coprolite.
The composition of the product contains enzymes, plant growth hormones, soil antibiotics, micro and macro elements:
At the same time, the composition of vermicompost in insignificant concentrations includes: boron, manganese, copper, zinc. These components help to convert mineral compounds into amino acids and unwanted metals and nitrates do not accumulate in vegetation.
Another advantage is that it does not litter the ground. For example, after feeding with manure, the contamination grows by 30-40%.
Manure is not used for breeding seedlings, while vermicompost is used. It does not oxidize the soil, unlike manure. The manure contains pathogenic flora, which is harmful to the human body, and vermicompost is safe. It exceeds humus in terms of nitrogen content. The introduction of this fertilizer is highly effective and does not bear any negative aspects.
The soil is cultivated with vermicompost when the land is plowed. Under each planted plant add 250-350 ml of dry extract. Then mix thoroughly with earth. He proved himself most efficiently when sowing potato crops.
When planting vegetables and flowers, a larger amount of fertilizer is used - 400-450 ml. For fruit trees (apple, plum, pear) 3-4 liters are added. For raspberries, currants, gooseberries, 1.5-2 liters are enough. After adding it, stir it with earth. Then the plant is fertilized every 10 - 14 days until the time of flowering.
In addition to dry, liquid vermicompost tea is also used.
To prepare a liquid fertilizer, you must use 1 liter of concentrate per 10 liters of water. The infusion is kept in a warm place for 3-5 hours, stirring occasionally. The prepared solution is poured over the beds with seedlings. Consumption rates - 10 liters per 1 m2. Top dressing in early spring should be done once every 15 days and finished after flowering. To prepare for winter, trees and shrubs are watered with a liquid product in the autumn.
2 liters of vermicompost replaces 50 kilograms of manure.
The substance is useful not only for horticultural crops. The use of home flowers in feeding shows a favorable result. For fertilization of indoor plants, biohumus is used in liquid form. The mixture retains useful biocomponents and gives the following effect:
When using fertilizer, you must follow the instructions. Otherwise, the structure and acidity of the soil will be disturbed, which will lead to the death of the microflora of the earth.
Since the substance is safe, it is enough to follow the rules of personal hygiene when working with the fertilizer. Use rubber gloves and wash hands with soap and water after work. Fire and explosion proof. Poisoning is excluded.
In case of contact with mucous membranes or skin, rinse thoroughly with plenty of water.
Stages of creation:
Worms will inhabit the upper part of the box, and everything below will be vermicompost. It will be ready in four to five months. After the container is full, the contents will need to be removed.
You can find the worms yourself, or buy them in the store. When buying, you should pay attention to the mobility and color of the worms. Californian red worms are more commonly used. They live a long time and work quickly, as well as actively reproduce, but do not tolerate low temperatures. There are also other types of worms: prospector, earthworm and earthworm.
This type of fertilizer contains 7-9 times more humus than cow dung or compost from plant waste. The advantages include good moisture capacity, friability, compatibility with other organic fertilizers. It is recommended to store the fertilizer in a dark, dry place, avoid direct sunlight. When frozen and thawed, it does not lose its qualities. The shelf life is one and a half years.
The use of natural fertilizers is rapidly gaining popularity among summer residents and agricultural owners. The safety and affordable price of vermicompost surpasses all possible inorganic fertilizers. Its production on worm farms is also a promising business.
Everyone knows that if you grow plants in the garden in the same place, then the soil is depleted and poorer, it lacks nutrients. Therefore, you need to make top dressing and various fertilizers. It is best to use organic fertilizers to improve the condition of the soil in your garden. We want to tell you about vermicompost, what it is and how to use it. Since vermicompost is an excellent organic fertilizer for all plants, including seedlings.
With the constant cultivation of crops in the same place, the soil is depleted, so fertilization is indispensable. At the same time, it is best to use organic matter to improve the soil. We will tell you what biohumus is and how to use it.
Biohumus Is a biologically active organic fertilizer, while it is environmentally friendly and natural. Exactly what plants in the garden and vegetable garden need. Vermicompost is formed during the processing of organic matter in the soil by red worms. When digesting organic residues that are in the soil, the worms, after processing, release coprolites into the soil, which are a form of organic matter that is very necessary for plants.
With the onset of spring, summer residents begin to plant seedlings. The main concern is the creation of favorable conditions for the successful growth of plants. It is known that the richer the earth is in worms, the looser and more useful its top layer will be. To maintain soil fertility, a large number of earthworms are needed, which is rare, which means that the content of nutrients and elements is reduced.
Even if the seedlings have grown and grown stronger at home, then when they are planted on poorly fertile soil, growth is inhibited and the yield is less than expected. Gardeners create compost pits by filling them with worms and weeds, but the process by which vermicompost is formed takes a long time and there is a high probability of the formation of pathogenic microbes.
It is for this purpose that liquid Biohumus can be purchased in the trading network. Vials of various sizes contain a concentrated solution of dark brown color with a balanced composition of humus, potassium, nitrogen, phosphorus, magnesium and calcium. The purpose of the drug is complex plant nutrition.
Of the advantages, it should be noted that it is impossible to oversaturate the soil with Biohumus. Even if you add a lot of Biogus to the soil, it’s not a big deal. Plants will take in as much nutrients as they need.
Vermicompost for seedlings how to use:
Liquid biohumus for seedling and germination of seeds is diluted in the above proportion and kept for the following amount of time:
Liquid vermicompost is good to use when transplanting seedlings into open ground. To do this, the concentrate is diluted with water in a ratio of 1:50 and poured into the holes, into which the seedlings are then planted. In this case, it is impossible to increase the recommended dosage, so as not to burn the roots of young plants. Such organic feeding helps the seedlings take root well and start growing faster.
There is no vermicompost in the soil, therefore, in order for the plants to receive good nutrition and grow, dry vermicompost should be added at least the minimum doses. Vermicompost can be introduced into the soil, guided by the following recommendations:
The exact instructions for using vermicompost and how to dilute it are indicated on the label. Most often, you need to dilute 1 glass of concentrated vermicompost liquid in 10 liters of warm water, and then stir until the fertilizer is completely dissolved and insist in a warm place for at least 4 hours before use.
Fertilizer vermicompost liquid how much to apply for plants:
On the beds in the garden, plants are watered with a diluted solution at the rate of 10 liters of fertilizer per 1 sq. m or 0.5 - 2 liters of solution per plant.
Vermicompost is safe for annual use, accumulates a minimum amount of nitrates in the fetus. It does not harm either man or nature. The soil perceives vermicompost in a natural way with all its microflora, which does not contain insect larvae and weeds. It is used on various types of soil. Vermicompost can be used for various kinds of agricultural crops: berries, shrubs, flowers, fruit and vegetable representatives of plants. Depending on this, there are several types of fertilizer composition. When using Biohumus, there is no need for other preparations. The fruits are tasty, larger and healthier. The tool is cost effective. It is affordable and used in low concentrations. This is what vermicompost is and how to use it.
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Liquefied vermicompost is obtained from the same dry, saturated substance, therefore it contains the beneficial properties of a granular concentrate, but at the same time, it is much easier for plant roots to assimilate. Liquid vermicompost is considered adapted to the most important plant needs - its composition is balanced to tenths of a percentage of the main elements. The ash content of the prepared vermicompost is within 4%, organic matter - 60%, humic - about 30%.
The use of liquid vermicompost extends to seed fertilization. For half a kilogram of seeds, you will need a glass of fertilizer solution, which should be diluted with water at a concentration of 1:20, and only then immerse the seeds in it. The shortest period of soaking is given to tubers and bulbs - about 20 minutes, the longest (up to one and a half days) - to seeds of spicy greens, watermelon and melon, some flower crops (nasturtium, calendula, petunia)... For 12-16 hours, you can immerse the seeds of garlic, radish, radish or salad in a solution of liquid vermicompost. About 4-6 hours, it takes for the fertilizer to act on soybeans and legumes, 1 hour - for any citrus.
However, the main purpose of the extract from vermicompost remains top dressing, prepared in accordance with the needs of the culture and introduced directly into the soil. The current general rate of cultivation of vermicompost is 1:10, but this figure is considered relative and should be reviewed for each use of fertilizer.
Instructions for using vermicompost are as follows:
The above fertilization rates are suitable for adult plants, but for seedlings, the concentration of the vermicompost solution made is halved.
According to the rules of crop rotation, it is impossible to grow the same crops in the same place from year to year. The land will be depleted, the harvests will become scarce, the plants will weaken and will get sick more often, characteristic pests and pathogens will begin to winter in the soil. But what should those summer residents do. which area is very small? And you won't move the greenhouse back and forth.
Vermicompost will help solve the problem of restoring soil fertility in such situations. This natural organic fertilizer is formed after the processing of organic matter by red Californian worms. Their waste products, coprolites, are most suitable for assimilation by plants.
The most effective top dressing is pure vermicompost without impurities. But getting it is costly and expensive, so cunning sellers, in pursuit of profit, offer for sale compost-peat mixtures with a small content of vermicompost. Here, the same as with the soil - put peat in a pack and write wasted. In general, you need to choose carefully.
A good fertilizer based on vermicompost by the concentration of organic substances necessary for plants exceeds rotted compost and cow dung by 4-8 times. At the same time, vermicompost does not contain helminth eggs, weed seeds, pathogenic microorganisms.
By the way, some gardeners who have the opportunity to live in their own house all year round begin to breed Californian worms on their own, planting them in compost bins. It is important to ensure the correct level of humidity and temperature conditions, especially in winter.
Useful properties of vermicompost:
To overdo it with vermicompost will not work. The more it gets into the soil, the better and more fertile it will become. Each crop will still take just as many nutrients from the ground.
... substances as it needs for balanced growth.
Vermicompost is suitable for feeding seedlings, any indoor and garden plants, especially those that grow in open ground. In the case of domestic plants, it is preferable to use vermicompost in liquid forms with a frequency of no more than 1 time in 2 months (especially from March to the end of June), otherwise a large number of small midges may breed.
Vermicompost can be applied at any time. It is most convenient to lay it in the soil during autumn or spring digging, or put it in small quantities in planting holes (when planting seedlings, tree seedlings and shrubs in a permanent place).
The granules are simply embedded in the soil, and the liquid concentrate is pre-mixed with clean water in the required proportions and used for irrigation.
The norm of vermicompost in dry forms:
Liquid vermicompost is usually applied before the formation of ovaries in plants. 1 cup of concentrate is diluted in 10 liters of warm soft water. The solution should be infused in a warm place for 4-5 hours before use. The concentrations are as follows:
Vermicompost can be used to soak seeds before planting. To do this, the concentrated liquid fertilizer should be diluted with clean, settled water in a ratio of 1 to 20. Legumes stand for 6 hours, radish and salad seeds - 10 hours each, potato tubers and sets - 35 minutes each, vegetable, parsley and dill seeds - up to 24 hours.
For foliar feeding of adult plants, concentrated liquid biohumus should be diluted with water in a ratio of 1 to 200.
The use of vermicompost gives the maximum result when growing tomatoes, cucumbers, sweet peppers and eggplants.
Granular and liquid vermicompost - what is it and how to use it depending on the form of release? This question is answered by the rules for using this fertilizer.
Rule 1. Dry vermicompost as the main fertilizer, it is applied when planting seedlings, seedlings, in the process of digging the soil. As a top dressing, it can be poured under the plants during the growth period.
Rule 2. Liquid vermicompost is a concentrated aqueous solution (extract), which is perfect for use when feeding indoor plants and seedlings.
Ordinary vermicompost cooked in the garden is not recommended for indoor use due to the possibility of breeding centipedes, springtails, mushroom mosquitoes and other small insects in it.
Liquid vermicompost is dissolved in warm water in the proportions indicated in the instructions on the package. Cost rates for root top dressing per 10 liters of water:
Liquid fertilizer is ideal for soaking seeds for 24 hours before sowing (5 ml per 1 liter of water).
Duration of seed soaking:
This fertilizer contains a complex of nutrients, macro- and microelements, enzymes, soil antibiotics, vitamins and growth hormones, which are necessary for the proper development of plants. So, fertilizer based on vermicompost is 4-8 times higher than manure and rotted compost in terms of the content of nutrient organic matter. At the same time, there are no pathogenic microflora, helminth eggs and weed seeds in vermicompost.
This natural fertilizer perfectly heals the soil and has a pleasant earthy smell. Vermicompost is also similar in color to soil. It combines well with any other organic substances and improves the taste of the crop, as well as relieves stress in plants and increases their immunity.
Influence of vermicompost on plants:
It is impossible to oversaturate the soil with vermicompost. A large amount of fertilization only has a positive effect on the condition of the soil and any crops. The plant itself takes in as much nutrients as it needs.
Pure vermicompost is the most effective, but it is difficult to find it on store shelves. More often they sell a soil mixture based on compost and peat with the addition of vermicompost. And for the most useful fertilizer, it is better to go to a livestock farm: a large number of worms live in rotted manure.
And also vermicompost is easy to get at home. You just need to purchase Californian worms and provide them with a suitable habitat (it is enough to settle in a compost bin).
Biohumus lately we can see more and more in shops and garden centers. What is vermicompost and is it worth using it in the garden?
How important is the fertilization of a plant, every owner of his own personal plot knows. The fertilizer provides the plants with the necessary nutrients, they bloomed beautifully, were healthy.
However, we often do not realize how important a role beneficial microorganisms play in the proper development of a plant. Microorganisms not only increase the plant's ability to absorb the necessary elements, strengthen their immunity, they are also responsible for the formation of humus in the soil.
The variety of fertilizers on the market is impressive. None of them, with the exception of compost and manure, which we can produce in our own garden, contain ecological microorganisms that are so important for the development of plants.
Biohumus , natural, very valuable fertilizer for gardeners. We owe its origin to the waste products of Californian earthworms, which feed on organic matter, such as manure. Microorganisms present in it multiply in the food systems of earthworms, have a beneficial effect on the growth and condition of the plant.
The undoubted advantage of this fertilizer is 100% natural origin, which is very important in the current pursuit of an ecological lifestyle. After all, no one wants to eat vegetables or fruits from their own vegetable garden, stuffed with chemistry.
The presence of rich microflora in vermicompost contributes to the absorption of nutrients by the plant, almost immediately after adding it. Therefore, it is an excellent fertilizer if we want to help a nondescript-looking plant. The benefits of the action of microorganisms can also be attributed to their effect on improving the structure and sorption of the soil.
Very often, the biggest problem with fertilization is the fear that the plants can simply be over-fertilized, which in some cases can be fatal for them. Vermicompost is 100% natural product therefore, we are not in danger of overdose. As a product of universal use, it can be used in the garden, vegetable garden or on the site.
Most often, it can be purchased in the form of a concentrate, in 0.5-1 liter, or large, containers. It is also produced in the form of granules, which gives us the opportunity to use it convenient for us. Using, most often, we dilute the granules with water (3-4 caps per liter of water) or depending on the manufacturer's recommendations.
Without fear, during fertilization, we can also pour fertilizer throughout the plant, this will significantly accelerate the absorption of nutrients and create a natural barrier to disease on the surface of the plant. The timing of fertilization is the same as for inorganic fertilization, that is, from early spring to autumn.
When feeding plants with inorganic fertilizers, care must be taken not to lead to plant poisoning or disruption of the biological balance in the reservoir. We ourselves must also be careful when handling this type of fertilizer. Biohumus as a natural fertilizer, to a lesser extent harmless to humans and the environment .
Use as little chemical fertilizers as possible, replace with natural ones - manure, compost, and of course vermicompost, thanks to them, you will get a healthy and bountiful harvest
A wide range of advantages of this fertilizer, natural origin, availability, safety, affordable price contribute to the fact that vermicompost is an excellent alternative to any inorganic fertilizers, and such natural ones as compost, for the preparation of the latter we often do not have time and space on the site.